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About Greece

Greece is located in south east Europe with a population of approximately 11 million. It has land borders with Macedonia to the north, Albania to the northwest, and Bulgaria and Turkey to the northeast. Greece and the Greek islands are surrounded by the Aegean Sea in the west, the Mediterranean in the south and the Ionian in the west. The main language is Greek, and the majority of the Greek people are followers of the Christian Orthodox Church of Greece.

 

The country`s main income comes from industries: food processing, textiles, tobacco, chemicals, construction materials, metals and petroleum refining. A smaller income is generated from an agricultural economy with the main crops grown including: barley, corn, cotton, dates, figs, grapes, oranges, potatoes, pomegranates, tomatoes, tobacco and wheat. Tourism is also a major part of the country`s economy and coastal regions have profitable fishing businesses.

A large part of Greece is mountainous terrain with Mount Olympus the highest at 2,917 m. It has a temperate climate with mild wet winters and warm dry summers. Greece has around 1,400 islands, of which 227 are inhabited, including Crete, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese and the Ionian Islands among others. The country`s total coastline is of 16 000 km, with sandy beaches, coves, coastal caves, pebble beaches, sand dunes, volcanic soil and coastal wetlands.

From its geographical position past civilisations have left their traces in the various regions of the country.  This has influenced the architecture of the museums and settlements, art, daily life and nutritional customs.

Greece offers an extensive choice of diversity to the traveller with cultural tourism, plentiful history and art, educational excursions, theatrical productions, festivals, pilgrimages, visits to archaeological sites, monuments and museums and excursions to study the natural environment. There is an immense choice of beautiful beach locations from bustling commercialised tourist resorts to small, quiet unspoilt island retreats. Greece has something to offer for everyone.